Muscle cramps are one of the conditions experienced by almost everyone. When we use muscles that we can control such as arm and leg muscles, the muscles will take turns contraction and relaxation. The muscle that contracts out of the will is called “spasm”, and when the spasm is strong enough and sustained, cramp occurs. Muscle cramps are often seen or palpated as hardened muscles. If you want to do a safe workout, you can visit the TACFIT website.
Cramps that occur during physical activity or exercise in people with no metabolic, endocrine and neurological abnormalities are called Exercise Associated Muscle Cramps (EAMC). Besides during exercise, this cramping is also reported to occur within 8 hours after exercise. Research conducted by Norris reported that the incidence of sports cramps experienced by 95% of students majoring in sports, 26% of whom also complained of having experienced cramping some time after exercise. Although not a dangerous condition, muscle cramps can cause discomfort to the sufferer and can interfere with daily activities.
Unbalanced body dehydration and electrolytes are thought to be the main factors causing muscle cramps. When exercising, the body will lose a lot of fluids that are not replaced, resulting in dehydration and lack of electrolytes such as sodium, calcium, and magnesium. This causes the muscle nerves to become sensitive and contractions occur outside of the will. This theory is also supported by the incidence of muscle cramps in professional athletes that are more common in summer than in other seasons.
Excessive muscle use or being in a certain position in excessive time can also cause cramps. Cramps can also be caused by a pinched nerve or reduced blood flow to the muscles.
Stretch muscles that experience cramps. If it happens to the leg muscles, you can lie down while stretching your legs, asking friends to pull your feet towards the head. Another technique that can be done is to stand 1 meter or more from the wall, lean your body forward, place your palms on the wall, with your back and knees straight and your feet touching the floor. In cramps that occur due to prolonged writing, pressing the hand towards the wall with your finger facing down can relax the muscles of the hand.